06cellphone_600Law enforcement’s use of sophisticated cellular tracking techniques to observe suspects before arrest and to build cases against them in criminal cases is building all across the country, and is raising major concern over civil liberties and privacy rights. Existing law is outdated and does not give set guidelines on the use of cellular tracking techniques. Federal wiretap laws are behind the times in passing laws on the use of data to find a person’s location, and guidelines cannot be passed when local laws differ in separate regions of the U.S.
For more than a decade, law enforcement had the technology to match an antenna tower with a cellphone signal so that a cellphone’s location could be tracked to within a radius of 200 yards in urban areas and 20 miles in urban ones. Now, cellular technology is sophisticated enough that its GPS systems can mark a user’s position to within a few dozen yards. Law enforcement can track suspects in real time by having phone companies send signals to a phone that is turned on.

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